Sign Up
Understanding Bitcoin vs Ethereum: A Beginner’s Guide to Cryptocurrencies
July 19, 2023

Understanding Bitcoin vs Ethereum: A Beginner’s Guide to Cryptocurrencies

Many industries have shifted to adapt to the rise of cryptocurrencies. While there are lots of digital coins on the market, none can match up to the top two, Bitcoin and Ethereum.

Bitcoin, which started the trend in 2008, is the number one virtual currency in the world. Aside from this, the next in line would be Ethereum, which many believe will overtake Bitcoin in the long run. In this article, we’ll cover cryptocurrency basics and compare the two most popular.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Bitcoin timeline

Cryptocurrency is a form of digital money that eliminates the need for physical cash. It operates on blockchain-based decentralized networks, which are essentially a series of blocks containing a list of transactions.

The benefits of blockchain include acting as an open, transparent, and immutable public ledger. This means that once information is entered, it cannot be changed without affecting all others that come after it. It also records transactions that are cryptographically validated by nodes on the network.

One crucial aspect that sets cryptocurrencies apart from conventional fiat money issued by governments is their decentralization. Aside from this, here are other features of digital currencies:

  • Decentralization: Cryptocurrencies function on distributed networks, promoting openness and reducing central point failures. This promotes openness and lowers the possibility of central point failures.
  • Security: Cryptographic methods not only regulate the generation of new units but also secure transaction processing through advanced encryption. Decentralization and consensus techniques like Proof of Work (PoW) and Proof of Stake (PoS) further improve their reliability.
  • Transparency: Every transaction is kept on file in a publicly accessible ledger. This transparency builds trust among users.
  • Anonymity: Although transactions are public, user identities remain concealed, represented by wallet addresses instead of personal information. They are generally identified by their wallet addresses rather than by personal information.

How to Get Cryptocurrencies

You can get cryptocurrencies in several ways, each offering a different method. Here are a few of them:

Buying on Exchange Platforms

The most common method of getting cryptocurrencies is buying them on exchange platforms. Several of these online sites serve as marketplaces for crypto transactions. Once you buy the digital assets, you can keep them in your account or transfer them to your Bitcoin wallet.


Mining is the process of getting cryptocurrencies without actually paying for them. It generates new coins and carries out the necessary confirmation of cryptocurrency transactions. While true, you need specialized hardware and constant electricity to run it smoothly.

You also have to install mining software and connect it to the cryptocurrency network. Keep in mind that the process uses a lot of energy, which raises the cost of power significantly and may affect profitability. Instead of this, many miners choose to join mining pools due to the high difficulty rate.


Aside from Bitcoin mining and buying, you can also get cryptocurrencies by forking. This is a process where a blockchain is divided into two distinct chains, mainly due to community members having different opinions on the project’s course.

For example, Bitcoin Cash, created from a hard fork, separated from Bitcoin, leaving the original blockchain intact while initiating a new cryptocurrency. Usually, those who owned the old cryptocurrency at the time of the split get an equal share of the newly created coin.

How Does Bitcoin Work?

Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that allows peer-to-peer transactions without needing intermediaries like banks. Its operation depends on several essential components, including consensus mechanisms (PoW), mining, and cryptographic security.

At the heart of Bitcoin is the blockchain, a secure, public ledger that records every transaction. Since the network is not under the authority of any party, there is less chance of fraud or manipulation, which increases transparency. Every node contributes to the security and dependability of the network by independently verifying every transaction.

Thanks to advanced cryptographic technology, all Bitcoin transactions are securely encrypted. Furthermore, since the network is decentralized, there isn’t a single point of failure. Instead, the blockchain is duplicated across several nodes, which increases its resistance to censorship and assaults.

How Does Ethereum Work?

Ethereum is a decentralized platform for creating and running dApps (decentralized applications) and smart contracts. It functions similarly to Bitcoin on a blockchain, except it can handle programmed transactions.

In its network, Ethereum uses Ether (its native coin) to cover transaction costs, compensate network members, and facilitate computational services. Its blockchain records all transactions and smart contract activities and serves as a public ledger.

The benefits of using Ethereum for developers include creating decentralized apps and operating them on the blockchain rather than centralized servers. Thanks to this, it benefits from improved security, openness, and censorship resistance.

Differences Between Bitcoin and Ethereum

Differences between bitcoin and ethereum

Bitcoin and Ethereum are the two most well-known and valued virtual currencies. While they have similarities, there are a few differences between them:


While they have distinct structures, both Bitcoin and Ethereum use blockchain technology. The former is more straightforward and solely intended to process transactions. With Ethereum smart contracts and the EVM, its blockchain is more sophisticated and can handle various functions.

Transaction Speed and Fees

With an average block duration of around ten minutes, Bitcoin often offers slower transaction speeds. Costs might vary and can occasionally rise significantly during times of network congestion.

Conversely, the second-most valuable coin often offers faster transaction times, with block times between 12 and 15 seconds. Note that it usually includes Ethereum gas fees, which compensate for computational effort.

Consensus Mechanism

Bitcoin uses Proof of Work (PoW) to reach a consensus. On the other hand, while Ethereum started with Proof of Work (PoW), it changed to Proof of Stake when moving to Ethereum 2.0. PoS aims to be more scalable and energy-efficient by selecting validators based on the quantity of Ether they stake while creating new blocks and verifying transactions.

How to Invest in Cryptocurrency Safely for Beginners?

Many beginners might initially be skeptical and wonder, “Is Bitcoin safe?” To help beginners safely buy digital currencies, here are a few tips to consider:

Make Research Yourself

Before investing, learn about blockchain technology, cryptocurrencies, and techniques. Understanding how the market functions and the variables that affect the Bitcoin price is essential.

Choose a Reputable Online Exchange Platform

Another tip for investing in cryptocurrency is to know where to buy Bitcoin. Select a trustworthy and safe cryptocurrency exchange to purchase and trade on. Make sure the platform you select is well-reviewed by users and is regulated.

Protect Your Assets

Use a hardware or safe software wallet to store your cryptocurrency. You can turn on two-factor authentication (2FA) to further enhance security. It’s advisable to avoid leaving considerable sums on exchanges since they might be hacked.

Start Small

Start with a small initial investment you can afford to lose as a beginner. Due to the extreme volatility of cryptocurrency markets, limiting your financial risk is crucial.

Spread Out Your Investments

Don’t invest all of your funds in a single cryptocurrency. By diversifying your investments, you can spread risk and lower possible losses.

Stay Informed

Follow the most recent developments and trends in the crypto space. Stay up-to-date with news from reliable sources about regulations and the market.


If you’re trying to decide which cryptocurrency is better for beginners, it will depend solely on your needs. The latter works best when decentralized applications and smart contracts need to be created, whereas the former functions best as a peer-to-peer transaction system.

You can also consider Bitcoin or Ethereum prices, but the choice is totally up to you. The future of Bitcoin and Ethereum is believed to provide better integration with other sectors and offer more breakthroughs.


  • Is There a Correlation Between ETH and BTC in Trading?

    Yes, there is a significant correlation between Ethereum and Bitcoin in trading. This is due to several factors, including market influence, trading pairs, and blockchain development.

  • Can Ethereum Be Used for NFT Payments?

    Yes, Ethereum can be used for NFT (Non-Fungible token) payments. In fact, it is one of the most commonly used cryptocurrencies for this purpose. 

  • What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Bitcoin?

    Bitcoin offers benefits like decentralization, lower transaction costs, security, and transparency. While the advantages are pretty impressive, there are drawbacks you should take note of, including volatility and a limited supply (21 million coins).

  • How Does Proof of Stake and Proof of Work Differ From Each Other?

    Proof of stake vs proof of work is a common topic among crypto enthusiasts. PoW requires miners to solve complex computational puzzles to validate transactions and create new blocks, consuming significant energy and resources. On the other hand, PoS selects validators based on the amount of cryptocurrency they hold and are willing to stake, making it more energy-efficient.

Payment methods with crypto

Play with Crypto
  • BTC
  • BCH
  • DOGE
  • TRX
  • ETH
  • XRP
  • LTC
  • ADA (Cardano) ADA
  • USDT (Tether) USDT
Play with Crypto

Recent Posts

See All News
Show All News
Sign Up & Get Your Bonus

100% Cashback for Casino

  • 10000+
    Active Players
  • 5000+
  • 24/7
Sign up